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Tuesday, September 22, 2015

2201 National Elephant Appreciation Day , tribute to Gloria








i have used texture and glossy nail polish,you saw it in glossy version, but after a white i put matt top coat and made new look

women who write this stories about elephant : vicki-fishlock
http://www.ifaw.org/united-states/node/341
In this blog, http://www.ifaw.org/united-states/node/341I  
will concentrate on four of my study families: the AA, EA, GB and JA families. Elephants in Amboseli are named according to their family, so that all individuals in the family start with the same letter.
Amboseli Elephant Families: Flexibility Brings Success for the GBs
                                  story abot them :http://www.ifaw.org/united-states/node/2954

Cynthia Moss first identified the GB family in 1975. They were distinctive – with two tuskless females and a one-tusker, they should have been unique. But elephants are not known for being straightforward, and in fact there were two Amboseli families with these characteristics, both numbering 12 individuals. It took Cynthia a few sightings to clearly distinguish the BB and GB families. Today, both these families form part of my study population, and they’re now very different in size and composition. Sadly all those big tuskless females have died, so I know them only from photographs and the reminiscing of my ATE colleagues.The GBs were not what we would consider “central” elephants in the early days – attested to by the fact it took Cynthia three years to spot them. Amboseli is not a large park, but the ecosystem spans 8,000 sq km, and in fact Cynthia suspected the GBs came into the Park having lost their former range to agricultural developments to the East of the Park. This “immigrant” status does affect their relationships with other families – they have never been a dominant family and are still easily displaced by other elephant families.They may not be dominant, but the GBs certainly are tenacious; they persevered with their new home range and never left for long, so that now they’re as central as any family. It was a smart move on the part of Gloria, the tuskless matriarch, and throughout the 1980s and 1990s the family did very well, growing steadily in number despite some challenging drought years.In 2000, after at least 26 years as leader, Gloria died. Examining her teeth, the ATE team discovered she was at least fifty years old and her teeth were worn down to a tiny area. She died naturally of old age – which is in itself quite an achievement for an elephant whose life has spanned such a period of human population growth, wildlife conflict and poaching.After Gloria died, Geraldine as the next oldest female took over as matriarch. Individual personalities and leadership styles are very important to elephants because a good matriarch must balance the needs of her family. One-tusked Grace clearly didn’t agree with Geraldine’s leadership style, and eventually she left with her daughters to form her own family who became known as the GB2s. Grace had five surviving daughters and managed to build herself a successful family. The original GBs also did well under Geraldine’s leadership.The good times were not to last however for either family. In 2007 Geraldine died of natural old age, and in 2008 Grace also died. Then in 2009 Gwen, Grace’s eldest daughter disappeared, a suspected victim of poachers at the same time the Amboseli elephants experienced the worst drought in living memory. In total, the two families combined lost 16 of their 39 members. The new matriarchs were both much younger than the females they replaced – Golda at 35 years old became matriarch of the GBs, and Gail took on the leadership of the GB2s when she was just 24.Now, two years after the drought the families have stabilised. Gail brings her family to join the GBs so often that if I were beginning a study of them now and had none of the background history I would consider them as one family. Most of the females are pregnant, and we wait to see whether the births of these new calves will cement the bonds between the two families, or serve to split them apart. I expect, and hope for the former. The families currently look like this;
The lovely Gloria, who originally brought the GB family to Amboseli. Cynthia Moss took this photo in 1977

Gloria 

Golda

Georgia





Elephant Appreciation Day is celebrated on September 22, 2015. Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae. Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, and South and Southeast Asia. The largest living terrestrial animals, male African elephants can reach a height of 4 m (13 ft) and weigh 7,000 kg (15,000 lb). These animals have several distinctive features, including a long proboscis or trunk used for many purposes, particularly for grasping objects. 

African elephants are listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), while the Asian elephant is classed as endangered. One of the biggest threats to elephant populations is the ivory trade, as the animals are poached for their ivory tusks. Other threats to wild elephants include habitat destruction and conflicts with local people. Elephants are used as working animals in Asia. In the past they were used in war; today, they are often put on display in zoos and circuses. Elephants are highly recognisable and have been featured in art, folklore, religion, literature and popular culture.

Elephants exhibit mirror self-recognition, an indication of self-awareness and cognition that has also been demonstrated in some apes and dolphins. Elephants are popularly thought of as having an excellent memory. This could have a factual basis; they possibly have cognitive maps to allow them to remember large-scale spaces over long periods of time. Individuals appear to be able to keep track of the current location of their family members. Scientists debate the extent to which elephants feel emotion. They appear to show interest in the bones of their own kind, regardless of whether they are related. (With material from: Wikipedia) 

once again , with my unposted pictures i want to pay attention about all elephants on the word who chased because of their ivories
it is really sad, but have a look at this links to a pictures.elephant is killed because of ivory 


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